3 Xerosis Cutis, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Xerosis cutis, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. The skin is the outermost layer of the body cover that has a function as a barrier against all forms or types of trauma from the outside both physical, mechanical and so on. In addition, it also serves as a cover for aesthetic body with a look that looks smooth, soft and shiny. In certain circumstances the skin looks rough scaly dry so it looks dull and no longer attractive. The skin has the main function as a protector and barrier of tissues in the body's organs. In addition, the skin has other functions to excrete salts, water, and organic compounds through the exocrine glands, maintain body temperature, in the synthesis of vitamins, store body nutrients and detect touch, pressure, pain, and temperature stimuli to be continued to the central nervous system.

3 Xerosis Cutis, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome
Xerosis Cutis
The skin is divided into two layers, the epidermis and dermis. The dermis layer contains collagen which gives elasticity and strength to the skin. In addition there are also blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerve endings. The epidermal layer is the outermost layer of the skin. This part is the most important part because this layer provides texture and moisture and is involved in skin color. The epidermal layer does not have blood vessels so that nutrients are obtained from the dermis layer.



Xerosis Cutis, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Keratinocytes, known as corneocytes, are the first cells that have formed an epidermis. Keratinocytes are formed from the base of the epidermis at the dermal epidermal junction. These cells come from stem cells, which are also called basal layers because of their position at the base. When stem cells develop, child cells will be formed which will move towards the upper part of the epidermis. The movement of the child's cell goes to the top and experiences cell maturation or cell death. This movement is called the keratinization process. When these cells move up and experience maturation will develop with certain differences. This difference will form layers in the epidermis.

What is Xerosis? Xerosis or called (Dry Skin) which often occurs in the heels of the feet, elbows and fingers. Xerosis of the heel of the foot is an Xerosis cutis condition on the heel of the foot that is severe enough to crack. Xerosis is caused by reduced humidity due to loss of lipids and natural moisturizing factors in the stratum corneum. Xerosis on the heel of the foot is first demonstrated by symptoms of dryness with the surface of the skin being scaly, hard and uncomfortable. Continuous conditions will cause the surface of the skin to crack and crack which results in irritation and inflammation.

Xerosis can cause serious problems if not treated early. If the depth of the fraction is enough in the dermis layer, it will cause bleeding which triggers infection by fungi and bacteria. Xerosis (Dry Skin) of the heel of the foot can occur on exposed skin such as extreme weather such as the dry season, in older people as a result of age, and also because of genetic disorders, and so on.

Xerosis cutis can be overcome by using a moisturizer that functions to maintain skin moisture and make the skin softer. The ideal moisturizer to prevent must have an occlusive and humectant working mechanism to increase water content and emollients to soften rough skin. Increasing the water content on the skin surface through an occlusive working mechanism forms a thin film layer above the skin surface, while through the mechanism of action the humectant allows the water to be bound and attracted to the stratum corneum. Emollients allow it to soften the skin by filling the desquamating keratinocyte spaces.

The skin has the main function as a protector and barrier of tissues in the body's organs. In addition, the skin has another function to excrete salts, water and organic compounds through the exocrine glands, maintain body temperature, in the synthesis of vitamin D3, store body nutrients and detect touch, pressure, pain, and temperature stimuli for passed to the central nervous system.

The skin is divided into two layers, the epidermis and dermis. The dermis layer contains collagen which gives elasticity and strength to the skin. In addition there are also blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerve endings. The epidermal layer is the outermost layer of the skin. This part is the most important part because this layer provides texture and moisture and is involved in skin color. The epidermal layer does not have blood vessels so that nutrients are obtained from the dermis layer.

Keratinocytes, also known as corneocytes, are the main cells that make up the epidermis. Keratinocytes are formed from the base of the epidermis at the dermal epidermal junction. These cells come from stem cells, which are also called basal layers because of their position at the base. When stem cells develop, child cells will be formed which will move towards the upper part of the epidermis. The movement of the child's cell goes to the top and experiences cell maturation or cell death. This movement is called the keratinization process. When these cells move up and experience maturation will develop with certain differences. This difference will form layers in the epidermis.

Signs and Symptoms of Xerosis Cutis (Dry Skin)

Xerosis has various symptoms, depending on the factors that cause it, such as health, age, place of residence and so on. Common signs or symptoms can be seen as follows.
The skin becomes cracked and flakes off.
The skin can become irritated and become reddish
The skin will look dull and pale
The skin feels dry, scaly, rough and itchy

Causes of Xerosis Cutis (Dry Skin)

Xerosis can be caused by several factors such as the environment and other factors and certain conditions. Hormonal imbalances, such as those found in menopause, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism can sometimes also cause xerosis. But in most people affected by xerosis can be caused by:

Live in a cold area with low humidity.

Take a shower too often in a day.

Often rubbing the skin hard and rough.

Use of soap with dangerous ingredients.

Frequent bathing with hot water.

Exposure to sunlight for too long.

Dry the skin too hard using a towel after bathing.

Dehydration.

How to Overcome Xerosis Cutis (Dry Skin)

Patients can overcome the symptoms that are felt by using a moisturizer. Oil-based moisturizers are more effective than water-based moisturizers. Xerosis cutis is generally not dangerous, but Xerosis can cause complications if left alone. If the symptoms do not subside and the condition of the skin does not improve within a few weeks, then a follow-up examination is needed to find out the cause and look for ways to overcome it. If that happens, the possibility of the impact of xerosis is widespread and causes complications. The diseases that may be caused by xerosis include atopic dermatitis, skin infections, ichthyosis, or psoriasis.

How to Prevent Xerosis Cutis (Dry Skin)

Xerosis can be prevented in various ways, ranging from simple skin care or by improving everyday life patterns. But the most important thing is to keep the skin moist. Here are some ways to prevent Xerosis including:

Using Moisturizers
Moisturizers can be used to maintain healthy skin, which can be used after bathing, when the skin is still wet.

Don't Bathe Too Often
Natural oils that stick to the surface of the skin can be lost if you take a bath too long, especially if you use hot water. Therefore, limit the duration of your bath.

Do not use bath soap
To maintain skin moisture, do not use soap with hard ingredients. Choose soap that contains extra oil in it.

Using Sunscreen.
The use of sunscreen when doing activities outside the home, can protect the skin from sunburn.

Increase Consumption of Water Every Day.

Eating enough mineral water every day will avoid the body from dehydration. Therefore, increase the consumption of water at least 8 glasses.

Eating Vegetables and Fruits

Eating vegetables and fruit can keep our skin healthy and moist, therefore, eating more vegetables and fruits is also important to maintain health outside and inside the body.

Such are some reviews about xerosis cutis, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. In this paper, the aim is for the reader to get to know more about skin diseases that are around us one of the xerosis cutis, and thank you for reading.

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