4 Xanthelasma Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Xanthelasma disease, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. What is Xanthelasma ? Xanthelasma is a collection of kolesetrol under the skin with firm yellowish borders usually around the eyes, so it is often called xanthelasma palpebra. Although not dangerous and does not cause pain, the appearance of xanthelasma can interfere with appearance and can be removed. If found in large quantities it is called xanthelasmata. Xanthelasma or yellowish plaque is often found near the canthus inside the eyelid, especially often found on the upper eyelid rather than the lower eyelid.

Xanthelasma Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome
Xanthelasma
Xanthelasma palpebra is the most common form of cutaneous xanthoma. Xanthelasma is usually soft, semisolid or calcareous. Symmetrical is often encountered, sometimes on 4 eyelids at the same time as the upper, lower right and left eyelids. Xanthelasma has a tendency to develop, join and become permanent. Xanthelasma can occur anywhere on the body, but is more commonly seen in the eyelid area.

Xanthelasma Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

In the United States, xanthelasma is rarely found. Globally, xanthelasma is also a rare case in the general population. In studies with xanthomatosis, xanthelasma is more common in women with 32% and 17.4% percentages in men. Xanthelasma is rarely found in children. Xanthelasma palpebrarum is quite common although not as many as other skin disorders such as those caused by bacteria or parasites. This may be caused by consuming a lot of foods that contain lots of fat, besides that Xanthelasma can also be caused by offspring.
Xanthelasma is a form of planum xanthoma, the most common type of xanthoma. In addition Xanthelasma is also defined as a collection of kolesetrol under the skin with a firm yellowish border usually around the eyes, so it is often called xanthelasma palpebra.

Signs and Symptoms of Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma signs or symptoms are only indicated by the appearance of yellowish lipids or fats that continue to grow around the eyelids. Irregular plaque on the skin, yellowish color often around the eyes Xanthelasma size varies from 2 - 30 mm. Can be symmetrical and tend to be permanent, the patient does not complain of itching.

Xanthelasma is a thick patch that often occurs on the skin around the eyelids. Its location, especially at the top or bottom of the eyelids can even expand, so that it meets in the nose.
White xanthelasma patches are sometimes yellowish with a flat surface, thickened skin with a rather hard elastic consistency compared to the surrounding skin. These Xanthelasma spots don't hurt, but they interfere with the appearance of the face, especially in women, especially if it looks wider. These spots are fat on the skin, starting from the surface to the inside of the skin. In Xanthelasma disorders that are wide, the affected tissue usually reaches the base of the skin.

Xanthelasma or xanthelasma palpebra is usually found on the medial side of the upper eyelid. Yellowish and soft lesions in the form of plaque containing fat deposits with strict limits. Lesions will increase and increase in number. Usually these lesions do not affect eyelid function, the symptoms of xanthelasma are similar to other skin diseases. It is recommended for those who experience these signs or symptoms to be examined for proper treatment.

Causes of Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma can be caused by enzyme abnormalities that accumulate in skin cells, especially around the eye area and is often associated with hyperlipidemia. In this condition, bad cholesterol in the blood is pushed out into the surface of the skin and forms a yellow clot like fat or lipid. Some other factors that can increase a person's risk of experiencing xanthelasma include:

Have a history of cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia.

Low levels of good cholesterol in the blood.

Have primary biliary cirrhosis or damage to the bile duct.

Diabetes.

Obese sufferers are also at high risk of developing this disease, because these two factors can increase fat accumulation in the body and trigger a heart attack.

High blood pressure.

How to Overcome Xanthelasma

Actually Xanthelasma is not harmful to health, but it is strongly recommended to take care so that the lipids do not continue to grow and interfere with vision. Handling can be done through surgery or lifestyle changes including diet.

Surgery
If the patient is disturbed by a lump of fat that grows around the eyes, surgery can be done to remove the layer from around the eyelid.

Lifestyle
It aims to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood and suppress the growth of lipids. In addition, several potential diseases such as heart attacks or strokes can also be prevented through this method.

Other ways that can be done to remove these clots include cryotherapy and electrodessication. Both of these methods aim to turn off cells that cause xanthelasma to occur. cryotherapy uses very cold temperatures while Electrodessication is carried out with the help of electric waves. In addition, there is also a technique called argon laser ablation. In this technique it will use a laser beam to destroy fat gradually.

Although surgery is generally recommended to treat xanthelasma, keep in mind that this method can not be separated from potential complications such as changes in eyelid structure and impaired eyelash growth, or changes in skin color and hypopigmentation.

How to Prevent Xanthelasma

Healthy Diet
The cause of the emergence of xanthelasma is high cholesterol, so the main prevention that can be done is by maintaining a diet, and doing a healthy lifestyle such as exercising every morning or every afternoon. This can also help reduce the risk of other diseases, such as stroke or coronary heart disease.

Lose weight
If you now have excessive body weight such as obesity, then you can be at risk of getting Xanthelasma. Therefore, it is recommended to do activities such as exercise, the purpose of this method is to lose weight and get the ideal body.

Consumption of Vitamin A
Vitamin A is very important to maintain eye health, lack of Vitamin A can cause systemic abnormalities that affect epithelial tissue from organs throughout the body, including the lungs, intestines, eyes and other organs, but the most visible in the eyes.

Thus reviews of xanthelasma disease, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. In this paper, the aim is for the reader to know more about Xanthelasma's disease, and thank you for reading.

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