81 Type of Skin Disease Based on Cause

Type of skin disease based on cause. Indeed it is no stranger to hear for us. So for those of you who don't know what kind of skin disease is not dangerous or dangerous for us, then take your time to read the article now. Skin diseases can be caused by four ways, which are caused by bacteria, parasites, fungi and can also be caused by viruses. Even skin diseases can also be caused by allergies to things such as food or objects that have been touched. Skin diseases can also cause death if not treated early as an example is melanoma cancer.
81 Type of Skin Disease Based on Cause
Type of Skin Disease
This type of skin disease such as melanoma is one of the skin cancers, even people who have melanoma cancer may not know it. Because the initial symptoms are difficult to recognize, but the most obvious early symptoms of melanoma cancer are changes in moles. Therefore, for those of you who have a mole change, you must suspect it from the start. Here are some names and types of skin diseases with the causes that you must know from healthofdisease.com.

Type of Skin Disease Based on Cause

Hemangioma
Hemanogioma, a type of benign cancer, occurs due to abnormal blood tissue growth. Hemangioma skin disease can grow before birth, so there is already a disease in the womb. Because hemangioma is a hereditary disease, so if the family has this disease it will be more susceptible to exposure. Hemangiomas can grow on the skin even in the liver, but rarely occurs. Risk factors for the cause of hemangioma are born prematurely, gentika factors, baby girls are also more susceptible to this disease.

Vitiligo
Vitiligo is a rare type of skin disease, because it can make people lose pigment to the skin. Risk factors for vitiligo are chronic diseases such as diabetic, genetic factors, stress, sunburn.

Impetigo
Many impetigo such as bullous impetigo and non bullous impetigo is one type of skin disease caused by bacteria attacking many children or babies. Generally bullous infections can grow on the neck, arms, waist, while non bullous can grow on the nose or in the mouth. There are two bacteria that cause impetigo, namely Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus.

Eczema
There are two eczema skin diseases, namely dry eczema and wet eczema, which is one type of skin disease that affects children to teenagers. Factors that cause eczema are very much like soap, stress, dust, detergent and weather effects. Eczema can grow anywhere like hands, feet and other bodies.

Rosacea
Rosacea is a type of skin disease in humans, there are kinds of rosacea diseases such as papulopustular, ocular phytosax erythematotelangiectasis The cause of rosacea is not known with certainty, but many suspect because it can be caused by climate change, stress, anxiety, exposure to sunlight, skin irritation and others other.

Necrotizing Fasciitis
Necrotizing Fasciitis is an infection of the skin and is also a type of skin disease affecting humans. Bacteria that cause necrotizing fasciitis infection are group A streptococcus. The risk factor for this infection through wounds, surgery, touching objects is streptococcus bacteria.

Candidiasis
Candidiasis is an infection due to fungus candida, this fungus has many types, it will still be the most infectious type of human ie candida albicans which can attack in certain parts of the human body such as the mouth is most commonly infected. The causes of the weakened immune system, and diabetics are also more prone to candidiasis.

Seborrheic Keratosis
Seborrheic keratosis namely (Benign Tumor) one type of skin disease is not dangerous but makes the patient embarrassed. The cause of sebbrrheic keratosis is not clearly known, but is thought to be influenced by heredity.

Pitted Keratolysis
Pitted keratolysis is one type of skin disease that many men and women feel. This skin disease can arise on the soles of the feet or palms. The characteristics of pitted keratolysis are that there are small overlapping holes between the others. Bacteria that cause pitted keratolysis are coryneform.

Hypohidrosis
Hypohidrosis or called (Anhidrosis) is a type of rare skin disease, because the patient is unable to sweat normally, this disease is dangerous which has bad consequences for the sufferer. Risk factors for this disease can be due to aging, skin disorders, genetic factors and blocked sweat ducts. Symptoms of this disease usually feel heat, headache, weakness, a little sweat.

Leprosy
Leprosy is a type of skin disease in humans. Leprosy-causing bacteria, mycobacterium leprae. Risk factors for leprosy are transmission to patients, transmission to animals, decreased immune system.

Melanoma
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that changes in birthmark. The cause of skin cancer called melamoma is caused by sun exposure, but also skin cancer suddenly appears on the body that is not exposed to sunlight. Melanoma factors causing dry skin include sunburn, the influence of age, having a birthmark, immune system deficiency.

Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a type of skin disease that attacks humans, especially on the scalp. Many posriasis skin diseases so that the cause of this skin disease is still not clearly known, but it is suspected that the cause occurs due to autoimmune, where the immune system turns to attack healthy skin cells. Symptoms of negotiation are characterized by thick white scales attached to layers of skin and easily fall off.

Erisipelas
Erisipelas is an acute infection of the subcutaneous tissue. Generally this infection can attack the face or arms. Erupelas cause bacteria namely steptococcus pyogenes. The risk factors for erysipelas, which are the immune system, have chronic diseases such as diabetic.

Sebaceous cyst
Sebaceous cyst or (Epidermoid Cyst) is one type of skin disease in humans. Where there is a small lump under the skin, this disease can grow on the head, ears, back and others. Risk factors that cause sebaceous cysts are genetic disorders, have acne, injured skin.

Decubitus Ulcers
Decubitus ulcers is one of the skin diseases that attacks people who cannot move, such as strokes, disabilities or elderly people who do not have the energy to move. Risk factors for decubitus ulcers are people who are paralyzed, skin depressed for too long, mobility, stress and age.

Cellulitis
Cellulitis is a skin infection that can cause inflammation under the skin. Bacteria that cause cellulitis are staphylococcus and streptococcus. Risk factors for cellulitis infection are having a skin rash, surgical wound, animal bite so that bacteria can enter through the wound.

Keloids
Keloids is a skin disease in humans. The cause of keloids arises because there are wounds torn, burned, surgery, scratched by animals and others. So that the keloid grows around the wound and forms a large meat.

Dermatomyositis
Dermatomyositis is an inflammation characterized by muscle weakness and rash. This type of disease can attack anyone, both children and those who have been mingled. The suspected cause can be from the virus or the reaction of autoimmune.

Molluscum Contagiosum
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease that is capable of attacking children and adolescents. The virus that causes this disease is the name molluscum contagiosum. Because this disease is easily contagious, the causative factor is the contact of the sufferer, such as being touched or, the item, having a sensual relationship with it.

Ingrown Toenails
Ingrown Toenails are toenails that grow into, which can cause swelling, pain because the wound tissue has been injured. Causes ingrown toenails namely heredity, diabetic, nail nails are not correct, wearing shoes too tight.

Sinus Pilonidal
Pilonidal sinuses are chronic dry wounds on the infected side, this disease can occur in white men having dense hair. Causes Polynidal sinuses ie hair injures the skin at the upper end of the buttocks. These symptoms are characterized as swelling and pain.

Argyria
Argyria is one type of strange skin disease. The characteristics of the patient will experience bluish and shiny skin. Factors causing suspected colloidal silver.

Xanthoma
Xanthoma is a type of skin disease caused by fat accumulation in the skin's immune macrophages. The causative factors are disorders of lipid metabolism.

Paronychia
Paronychia is an infection of the toenails and hands. Where nails are infected. Bacteria that cause paronikia are staphylococcus aureus or fungi that enter through the wound.

Pseudomonas Folliculitis
Pseoudomonas furikulitis, one of which is inflammation of the hair (follicles), a skin disease caused by bacteria. Bacteria that cause furiculitis are staphylococcus aureus. Factors that cause folliculitis trigger such as using water to bathe or wash unclean, shave hair, sweat, history of acne, experience friction, moist skin.

Yaws
Yaws is a skin disease that can be easily transmitted. The characteristics of this disease are marked by small nodules, then it will turn into pus, after drying it becomes used and crust accompanied by joint pain and even feels dizzy.

Hives
Hives is one allergic reaction to something. The cause of hives is still not known with certainty, because many of the causes of skin allergies appear as genetic factors, medications, spoils, insect bites, stress, physical trauma and others. Symptoms of biduran can be characterized by the appearance of bumps or red spots, burning and burning.

Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dyshidrotic eczema is an itchy rash that develops the fingers, palms and even the feet. The characteristics of dishidrotic eczema are small, fluid-filled spots, which can come and return. The cause of this disease is uncertain, but is thought to be due to contact dermatitis, fungal or bacterial infections and dermatophytides.

Dermatitis Herpetiformis
Skin dermatitis herpetiformis is a skin disease characterized by small blisters and swelling, the blisters will torture the patient because it feels very itchy. Causes can be caused by autoimmune.

Zoonoses
Zoonosis is one type of rare skin disease. The causative factor is the sandfly insect bite.

Seborrhea
Seborrhea is a skin disease in Indonesia. This disease can grow on the head, face, back and others. The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is malassezia. Risk factors for contraction can be due to stress, the effects of weather, diabetic, medication and habits of frequent scratching when hands are dirty.

Atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects many children. This skin disease is chronic because it can last for a long time sometimes it appears and returns. Symptoms of atopic disease are itchy at night, blisters filled with fluid, thickened skin, scaly, patches and red. Bacteria that cause atopic dermatitis are staphylococcus aureus. Other causes of weak immunity, food, skin infections, skin allergies.

Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Xerederma pigmentosum is a rare type of skin disease. The characteristics of this disease are sensitive to light, changes in skin color, feels clear when exposed to sunlight. Factors that are genetic factors, autosomal disorders.

Acrodermatitis Enteropathy
Acrodermatitis enteropathy, which is a representation of the skin in the extremities. The virus that causes acordermatitis is associated with Enterovirus, Coxsackie virus, Syncytal virus, Parainfluensa virus and others.

Fungal Nail Infection
Fungal nail infection or called (infection of the nail) is one of the skin diseases affecting the toenails. The causative factor of wearing narrow shoes, old age, history of diabetic, toenails often experience damp.

Ichyosis Vulgaris
Fish scales or called skin disorders that can cause dead skin cells. Risk factors for Ichyosis are genetic factors. The characteristics of scaly, cracked skin, ichyosis, dry, thick and rough skin.

Tick
Ticks namely skin diseases in humans. The virus that causes human papillomavirus. Risk factors are affected by lack of cleanliness, transmission by sufferers, sensual not using safety.

Diabetic Blisters
Diabetic blisters are a type of skin disease that attacks many diabetics. Signs or symptoms include lumps, blisters, rashes.

Paederus Fuscipes
Paederus fuscipes is one type of skin disease that comes from the poison Paederin from tomcat insects. Characteristics of tomcat bites such as inflammation, skin itchiness, irritation, skin flushing.

Tungiasis
Tungiasis skin disease is one of the skin diseases caused by the bite of penetrant (female) mites.

Acne
Acne or referred to as (Acne Vulgaris) is a skin disease caused by bacteria that can grow on the face such as on the chin, nose, head and on the back. The bacteria that causes acne is Propionibacterium Acnes. The risk factor for getting acne is very much like not keeping your face clean.

Raynaud
Raunaud is one of the skin diseases where the fingers, feet, experience seizures so that the skin becomes pale white or brown. The causative factor of raynaud is the effect of the drug, atheroclerosis, injury, decreased thyroid system, history of other diseases.

Porphyria
Porphyria is one type of rare skin disease. The characteristics of this disease sufferers will be sun allergy, sunburn. The causative factor is unknown.

Boils
Boils or referred to as (furuncles) is one of the skin diseases caused by bacteria. The bacteria that causes ulcers is staphyllococcus aureus. The characteristics of boils can be a large lump, the color is red and the inside contains pus. Risk factors for ulcers are the intake of fruits and vegetables so that the immune system decreases, besides that other causes can also be due to infected wounds, clogged pores and poor hygiene.

Intertrigo
Intertigo is a type of fungal infection skin disease that attacks many children or women. Intertigo disease can grow moist parts such as armpits, body folds, thighs. Characteristics of skin intertigo feel itchy, painful when friction occurs and red. The fungus that causes intertigo, namely candida albicans, is a risk factor for intertigo which is moist, does not get wind.

Water fleas
Water flea is one of the causes of itching on the skin. This disease often affects the legs, hands and other body. Fungi that cause water fleas can be caused by trichophyton. Factors causing water infestation are lack of hygiene, damp place, moist and smelly shoes.

Scabies
Scabies, which is a skin disease caused by a parasite, can cause itchiness at night. The parasite that causes scabies is the mite sarcoptes scabiei variant hominis. Risk factors for getting scabiek are contracting with the patient through several ways such as using patient clothes or touching.

Herpes
Herpes there are two types of herpes zoster and herpes simplex which is one of the skin diseases. The virus that causes herpes zoster is varicella zoster. The characteristics of herpes are a red rash, small bubbles whose contents are fluid and painful. The cause of herpes simplex can also be caused by having an unhealthy sensual relationship.

Harlequin Ichthyosis
Harlequin ichthyosis is a rare type of skin disease. Because patients will experience completely dry skin that often attacks babies.

Tinea Versicolor
Tinea versicolor that is one type of skin disease caused by fungi. Fungus that causes tinea versicolor is candida albicans. The characteristics of tinea versicolor are white patches on the skin, and itchiness when sweating. Risk factors for tinea versicolor are transmission from the patient and lack of hygiene.

Lupus (Systemic Erythematosus)
Lupus or called (Systemic Erythomatus) is a type of skin disease that often affects women. The cause of lupus is unknown, it will still suspect that it can be caused by a combination of several causes, genetics (heredity), sun exposure, hormonal changes and medications.

Cutaneous Larva Migrans
Cutaneous larva migrans is one type of skin disease in humans. Where larvae move under the skin surface. Many parasites that cause this skin disease are Ancylostoma caninum, ancylostoma braziliense, uncinaria etc. The causative factor for larvae is walking without wearing a mat, playing dirty places, not washing feet.

Lipoidica Necrobiosis
Necrobiosis lipoidica is one type of skin swelling characterized by calluses, reddish brown. Factors causing necrobiosis are affected by diabetic.

Ringworm
Ringworn is a skin disease caused by fungi. Ringworm that is dermatophytes. The characteristics of ringworm form there are circles and white patches, the skin is thick, runny and itchy. Factors that cause ringworm are generally lack of cleanliness.

Tinea Cruris
Tinea cruris is a type of skin disease caused by fungi. Tinea can occur in moist parts of the body such as thighs, armpits, buttocks etc. The risk factors for exposure are sweating, a history of other skin diseases, obesity, a weak immune system, tight grip.

Tinea Pedis
Tinea pedis is a type of fungal infection. The characteristics of tinea pedis disease are crusty, blistered skin, itchy part of the foot. The fungus that causes tinea pedis is epidermophyton floccosum.

Chicken pox
Chickenpox or so-called (Varicella) is a skin disease that often affects children. Water-causing viruses, namely varicella zoster. Risk factors for chickenpox, which is a weak immune system, has not been vaccinated. Signs or symptoms occur if you have chickenpox, headache, fever, no appetite, nausea, fatigue.

Scabies
Scabies is a skin disease that attacks humans. The parasite that causes scabies is the sarcoptes scabiei var hominis where the mites will nest under the skin layer. The characteristics of getting scabies are very itchy at night and then form a rash, scabies can appear between the fingers, under the armpits and others. Factors that are affected by scabies can be transmitted through the patient and do not maintain cleanliness.

Warts (Verruca Vulgaris)
Warts can be called (verruca vulgaris) which is one type of skin disease in humans. The virus that causes skin is human papillomavirus (HPV). There are various types of wart diseases such as filiform warts, genitals and others. Risk factors for warts are lack of cleanliness, transmission by sufferers, sensual not using safety.

Miliaria
Miliaria is one type of skin disease that is disturbing. Because it causes itching on the skin. Many types of miliaria like miliaria rubra, pustulosa. Etc. Factors that cause prickly heat are blockage of pores, hot weather.

Inverse Psoriasis
Inverse psoriasis, a type of skin disease, attacks many parts of the body anywhere. Symptoms are marked as a red rash, the causative factor is not yet clear.

Eritrasma
Erythrasma is a skin disease caused by bacteria. Erythrasma-causing bacteria namely corynebacterium minutissimun. Common to many people with diabetes and aged people.

Molluscum Contagiosum
Molluscum, which is one type of skin disease can affect children. The causative factor is a weak immune system, signs or symptoms of small spots, itching and even pain.
Fifth Disease
Fifth disease is one type of skin disease that attacks many children. Signs or symptoms of fifth desease are fever, runny nose and then a rash on the face spreads to the body, legs, hands. The fifth disease causing the virus is parvovirus B19.

Rubeola
Rubeola is one of the skin diseases in children. The virus that causes measles is paramixovirus. Measles skin disease can be transmitted inhaled from the spit of saliva sufferers and measles is vulnerable to attack in children. Signs or symptoms of measles can be characterized by body heat, fever, cough, red eyes, runny nose and patches on the skin. Risk factors for the cause of measles are not vaccinating or second immunization.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis, which is one of the skin diseases affecting children. Symptoms or signs include a rash, blisters, spots on the water, and red. Factors that are allergic contact with detergent, soap, food.

Lipoma
Lipoma is a type of skin disease that is not dangerous, but can make sufferers ashamed, because there are large lumps on any body. Characteristics of lymphoma are lumps, if pressed hard and soft. The causes of genetics, other illnesses, age.

Clavus (Corns)
Clavus is a type of human skin disease. Where disease can grow on the fingers, middle, legs etc. The virus that causes fish eyes is human papillomavirus (HPV). The risk of clavus is that there is continuous friction in the area.

Neurofibromatosis
Neurofibromatosis is a type of skin disease that grows benign tumors in nerve tissue. The causative factor is heredity (genetic).

Hypertrichosis
Hypertrichosis is one type of strange skin disease. Because the patient will experience the body of thick hair throughout the body from foot to head, the cause is unknown.

Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata is one type of scalp disease. Signs or symptoms of alopecia are hair loss. Risk factors for alopecia areata are genetic, medication, history of other diseases, autoimmune disorders.

Nigrikans Halitosis
Nigrikans halitosis namely one type of skin disease can cause blackness and thickening of the skin. Akantosis can appear on the neck, underarms, etc. The causative factors are excess BB, history of other diseases, diabetic.

Arthritis Psoriasis
Arthritis psoriasis is a type of skin disease. Symptoms are marked by scaly skin, irritation, color changes in the nails. The causative factor is unknown.

Pediculosis
Pediculosis is one of the skin diseases caused by parasites. The parasite that causes pediculosis is pediculus. The characteristics are characterized by itching in certain parts.

Creeping Eruption
Creeping eruption is a type of skin disease caused by parasites. Which larvae move under the skin surface. Parasites that cause many skin diseases are ancylostoma braziliense, uncinaria, etc. Factors affected are walking without a base, dirty place, not washing your feet.

Bullous Impetigo
Bullous impetigo is a form of superficial pyoderma, the causative bacterium namely staphylococcus aureus. This disease can grow on the back, armpits, buttocks etc.

Pustular Psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis is a type of skin disease in humans. This disease can arise in the legs, hands. Symptoms are marked down weight, fever, chills, itching in the section. Factors that are genetics, autoimmune.

Xanthelasma
Xanhelasma is a collection of cholesterol under the skin that has a firm yellowish border. This type of skin disease can arise around the eyes. Risk factors are high lipid levels in the blood. How to prevent that is controlling cholesterol levels.

Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are enlarged blood vessels. Varicose veins often attack the legs, if walking can increase blood vessel pressure, the sufferer will certainly experience pain and discomfort that can cause serious problems. Risk factors for varicose veins are genetic, age, obesity.

Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis
Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is one type of strange skin disease. Because sufferers will experience hardened skin like a tree man. The virus that causes HPV.

Annulare Granuloma
Granuloma annulare, which is one type of chronic skin disease has the characteristics of a reddish lump and a circular rash. Factors that cause granuloma are exposed to insect or animal bites, infections, sun exposure.

Neurofibromatosis
Neurofibromatosis is a type of strange skin disease in the world. The characteristics of this disease are growing lumps throughout the body. Risk factors are genetic mutations (offspring).

Scleredema Diabeticorum
Scleredema diabeticorum, which is one type of skin disease often attacks diabetics. Factors that cause gene disorders.

Tinea Capitis
Tinea capitis is one of the infections caused by fungi. This disease is capable of attacking the scalp. Signs or symptoms of tinea capitis are hair loss, scaly rash, sore touch. The fungus causes tinea capitis, trichophyton.

Those are the names of the type of skin disease based on cause, many skin diseases and can attack anyone. Therefore, from now on to maintain health to avoid skin diseases, and thank you for reading this article, hopefully useful.

21 Type of Skin Disease Strange and Rare in the World

Type of skin disease strange and rare in the world. Some people don't know it yet, especially with terrible skin diseases. The skin is an organ in the human body which is very important because it is located on the outside of the body which functions to receive signals such as touch, pain and other influences from outside. Skin disease is a common disease. Skin diseases are skin disorders due to fungi, germs, parasites, viruses and infections that can affect anyone of all ages. Skin health is very important for humans, but there are still many people who often ignore skin health because people often underestimate this disease.
21 Type of Skin Disease Strange and Rare in the World
Skin Disease
Skin diseases can attack all or part of a particular body and can worsen the patient's health condition if it is not taken seriously. Disorders of the skin often occur because of the factors that cause it such as climate, environment, place of residence, unhealthy habits, allergies and others. Lack of knowledge about types of skin diseases and not knowing how to prevent them can cause someone to get acute skin diseases.

Type of Skin Disease Strange and Rare in the World

So that with the help of technology it is expected that diseases that attack the skin of the human body can be known early and this can reduce the occurrence of more dangerous diseases. Therefore, healthofdisease.com will review various kinds of strange and rare skin diseases in the world.

Skin Disease Blaschko's lines
Skin Disease Blaschko's lines

Blaschko's lines are one of the rare diseases. Because for people who suffer from blascho's lines will experience skin lines all over their body, this can reduce confidence in the person.

Skin Disease Lymphatic Filariasis
Skin Disease Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic Filariasis is a strange disease. Because people affected by lymphatic filariasis will experience enlargement in the legs like an elephant. The cause of this disease is parasitic worms.

Skin Disease Argyria (Argyrosis)
Skin Disease Argyria (Argyrosis)

Argyria or can be called by (Argyrosis), which is one of the strange and rare diseases in the world. For people affected by this disease will have a characteristic or sign that is experiencing glossy bluish skin. Factors causing suspected colloidal silver.

Skin Disease Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Skin Disease Xeroderma Pigmentosum

Xerederma pigmentosum is also one of the rare skin diseases in the world. Because, if people affected by Xeroderma disease will be sensitive to sunlight, if ignored then the skin will burn and become skin cancer. The causative factors are genetic factors or autosomal disorders.

Skin Disease Dermatografia
Skin Disease Dermatografia

Dermatographia is also one of the rare and rare diseases. Because people who have dermatogrami disease, the skin of patients will be more sensitive, if scratched will experience a line-shaped swelling that can sometimes feel itchy. Certain temperatures also have the potential to exacerbate this condition, such as cold or hot air. Likewise with dry air or water that is too hot.

Skin Disease Hypertrichosis
Skin Disease Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis is a strange disease. Because for people affected by hypertrichosis will experience too fast and excessive hair growth throughout the body, even to cover the face. Hypertrichosis can occur at birth or develop over time. Causes of skin disease Hypertrichosis is a genetic factor.

Skin Disease Zoonotic

Zoonotic is a dangerous disease because it can risk death. Zoonotic disease can be caused by infections that have been transmitted by several ways either through vertebrate animals or humans who have been infected from this zoonotic disease.

Skin Disease Vitiligo
Skin Disease Vitiligo

Vitiligo is one of the rare skin diseases, where people affected by vitiligo will make the patient's skin experience changes such as peeling skin or can be called loss of pegmen on the skin. Generally, people who suffer from vitiligo are genetic, diabetic, stressful and often exposed to sunlight.

Skin Disease Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis
Skin Disease Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is one of the rare skin diseases. Where people affected by epidermodysplasia will experience hard skin like tree humans. Then this affected person will be called a tree man. Until now there is no way to deal with epidermodysplasia, but for patients can do special care. The cause of this disease is the HPV virus.

Skin Disease Harlequin Ichthyosis
Skin Disease Harlequin Ichthyosis

Harlequin ichthyosis is one that can cause patients to experience skin disorders at birth. Hallequin Ichthyosis is a very rare form of ichthyosis and the most severe. Because the newborn child is covered with thick and cracked skin slabs. The thick skin can cover the face. And forcing the eyelids and lips to turn inward, the hands and feet will become small, swollen. Babies born with Harlequin need to be treated immediately.

Premature birth makes a baby at risk of complications since early birth. These babies are also at high risk of having breathing difficulties, infections, low body temperature, dehydration and swelling in the mouth can interfere with the response and the baby may require the administration of tubes.

Skin Disease Tungiasis
Skin Disease Tungiasis

Tungiasis is a disease caused by the bite of a small blood-sucking louse insect, Tungiasis can cause skin inflammation, itching, and lesions at the site of infection which is marked by a black spot in the middle of the red and swollen lesions, so that the patient can experience decay on the skin.

Skin Disease Neurofibromatosis
Skin Disease Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder in which cell growth is disrupted so that tumors grow in nerve tissue. These tumors are generally benign and can appear in various parts of the nervous system, such as the brain and spinal cord to the peripheral nerves.
Signs or symptoms experienced by patients will appear gradually over a period of years with varying degrees of severity. Most people affected by this disease will experience indications that affect skin conditions such as brown spots on the skin, growing benign and soft bumps on the skin and so on.

Skin Disease Porphyria
Skin Disease Porphyria

Porphyria is a group of genetic disorders that arise due to imperfect hemoglobin formation. Hemoglobin is an important part of protein in red blood cells, which carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the body. Hemoglobin is formed through a series of processes involving many enzymes. If one enzyme is needed less, the process becomes imperfect and triggers a buildup called porphyrin, which is the cause of porphyria.

Symptoms of porphyria vary widely, depending on the severity, and the patient's own self, but the most visible symptom is the skin of the patient will be more sensitive to sunlight which can cause skin burns and skin cancer.

Skin Disease Dracunculiasis
Skin Disease Dracunculiasis

Dracunculiasis is a strange disease, because people affected by dracunculiasis will experience wounds and wounds. The cause of dracunculiasis from guinea worms, in which the unconscious patient has consumed water that has contained guinea worms. In the early stages of the person affected by dracunculiasis no symptoms appear at all, but after one year, the patient will experience symptoms such as feeling pain in the part, because guinea worms have formed a wound under the skin surface.

Those are some type of skin disease strange and rare in the world that exist throughout the world. In this paper, the aim is to make the reader more familiar with the types of skin diseases that exist, and thank you for reading.

3 Zika Virus, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Zika virus, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. What is zika virus ? Zika virus is one type of arbovirus from the genus Flavivirus. This virus has a very close philogenetic relationship with other arboviruses such as dengue, yellow fever, japanes enchepalitis, and west nile virus. This virus was first discovered in a resus monkey in the Zika forest, Uganda in 1947. The Zika virus was later rediscovered in the Aedes africanus species in the same forest in 1948 and in humans in Nigeria in 1954. The zika virus again attracted attention world after the emergence of reports of zika virus outbreaks that occurred on the island of Yap, Micronesia in 2007.
3 Zika Virus, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome
Zika Virus
Then reported several times in Asian, Africa, Regional Western Pacific, and most recently in America. Then followed by a larger outbreak in 2013 and 2014 that occurred in the French Polynesia region, in the southern Pacific. In the same year there were also spreads in the areas of New Caledonia, Easter Island and the Cook Islands. In general, zika virus infection only shows mild symptoms in 20% of infected patients. the clinical picture is very similar to chikungunya and dengue fever, namely fever, headache, emesis, rash and arthralgia.

Zika Virus, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

In May 2015, the virus reemerged in Brazil. The spread of this virus that occurred in January 2016 in North America, South America, the Caribbean, Africa and Samoa. In April 2016 it was also reported in Vietnam and then endemic in Singapore and Thailand. As of September 11, 2016, 329 cases have been found in Singapore and 8 of them in pregnant women. In September 2016, the Thai Government announced that 21 cases had been found in Bangkok and all were reported due to local transmission.

The virus that is transmitted through the aedes aegypti mosquito has infected more than 20 countries. Even in 80% of infected patients do not show any symptoms in the early stages of infection. The latest report says there is a very high increase in primary microcephaly cases related to the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil, this is a concern, where the zika virus can be a serious health threat with neuropathic and teratogenic effects. The spread of the zika virus is increasingly alarming.

The difference between Dengue Virus and Zika Virus is in terms of complications and modes of transmission. In dengue virus infection, the mortality rate is reported to be around 1-2% whereas in the Zika virus infection there have been no reported cases of death, but WHO has stated that the Zika virus infection can cause neurological complications, namely the occurrence of microcephaly in the baby being conceived and Guillain Barré syndrome which can cause paralysis and even death.

Signs and Symptoms of the Zika Virus

The Zika virus often does not show symptoms or signs at an early stage, so the patient does not know that he has contracted the Zika virus. But if symptoms appear, they are usually mild and only appear 3-12 days after being bitten. Signs or symptoms of the most common zika virus include:

Fever

The body feels weak

Red spots appear on the surface of the skin

Muscle ache.

Headache.

Joint pain and swelling in the joints

Conjunctivitis or eyelid inflammation.

Feeling itchy in almost all parts of the body.

Regarding the signs and symptoms of the Zika virus, there are many similarities in symptoms between dengue fever and Zika fever. But the most distinguishing thing between the symptoms of Zika virus and dengue fever is that fever that arises due to infection with this virus tends not to be too high, sometimes the maximum is only at a temperature of 38 degrees Celsius.

In a good body condition this disease can heal by itself within 7 to 12 days. However, in some more serious cases, this condition requires further treatment due to neurological and autoimmune disorders in people infected with the Zika virus. If this happens, then you can do further checks.

Causes of Zika Virus

The cause of Zika's disease is the Zika virus. The Zika virus belongs to the group of flavivirus viruses that are still from the same family as the virus that causes dengue fever. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes take and carry Zika virus from humans who have been infected with the virus. Through bites, Aedes aegypti mosquitoes spread the Zika virus back to humans who have not been infected.

The Aedes aegypti mosquito species is very active during the day and can breed inside and outside the room close to humans, especially in areas with standing water. In addition to mosquito bites, Zika virus can also be transmitted from mother to fetus in the womb. Zika virus infection during pregnancy is associated with the risk of miscarriage and microcephaly, which is an abnormality that makes the brain not develop perfectly and which is potentially fatal and there are many more infections from this zika virus.

How to Overcome Zika Virus

Until now there is no vaccine to deal with the zika virus. What can be done is an effort to reduce symptoms by:

Get enough rest.

Increase consumption of water to prevent dehydration.

Take drruug to relieve headaches and fever.

If you are now infected with the Zika virus, avoid mosquito bites during the first week to minimize the possibility of spreading the disease. The first week of infection is a critical period in which the Zika virus is active in the bloodstream and is easily transmitted through mosquitoes. One mosquito can infect many others.

How to Prevent Zika Virus

Preventing mosquito bites is one of the initial precautions that can help you avoid Zika virus infection. Some precautions that can be taken include:

Use mosquito repellent lotion.

Using long sleeves and trousers and socks.

If possible, use air conditioning because mosquitoes do not like cold places.

If it is not possible to use air conditioning, then use mosquito nets on the windows or doors of the house and use mosquito nets when sleeping.

Dispose of used objects that are not used, so that mosquitoes do not use these objects as a breeding ground.

Clean the water reservoir every once a week and close it to prevent mosquitoes from laying eggs in them.

Such are the reviews of zika virus, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. In this paper, the aim is to make the reader more familiar with the zika virus that you need to be aware of from now on, and thank you for reading.