3 Varicose Veins, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Varicose veins, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. What is varicose veins ? Varicose veins are dilated veins. The word varicose veins come from Latin which means to rotate. Varicose Vein is a venous dilation that often occurs in superficial veins, and which occurs mostly in the lower extremities. Varicose veins are dilation of vein veins located in the legs. Venous vessels have a kind of valve that can regulate the flow of blood through it. If this valve does not function properly, then the blood that should flow to the upper part of the body towards the partial heart will flow back down to the lower part of the body due to a heavy force on the blood. The blood flowing back is blocked and obstructed so that the vein wall becomes dilated.
3 Varicose Veins, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome
Varicose Veins
Blood vessels in the human body consist of two types of forms namely veins and arteries. Arteries carry blood from the heart to all body tissues. While the opposite vein, which returns the metabolic waste of blood from the whole body back to the heart. And to be able to restore blood from all body tissues back to the heart, veins on the legs must work against gravity. Fortunately, this vein is located close to the muscle, so stiff muscle contraction also has a role as a pump to help this vein work to restore blood. Veins have small valves that can open when blood goes to the heart and can then close so that blood does not return. This allows blood to flow backwards and cause the veins to enlarge.

Varicose Veins, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Varicose veins at first occur due to dilation of the venous wall in the veins. The function of normal and healthy veins is to bring dirty blood back to the heart. Because it has to work against gravity, veins are designed to have a series of valves that prevent blood flow from reversing. If this part of the valve is lost, blood will gather in the vein where the weight pull is large, such as the legs and anus. Because of this, what happens is that the bloodstream looks for an altrnative way so that the veins undergo dilation. Varicose veins are divided into several types including:

1. Varicose Veins Type of Spider Navy
These varicose veins are mild, usually due to temperatures that are too hot or cold, exposed to continuous sunlight, are pregnant, heredity, spicy food habits. Varicose veins of this type can occur in several places, namely on the face, base of arms, thighs, knee area, ankles and heels. Therapy is used usually by using a laser beam, so that blood vessels dry up. There is also an electrical device therapy by inserting something into the skin, to shrink or contract blood vessels.

2. Varicose Veins in the Skin
Varicose veins occur in the veins that are smooth and thin inside the skin of the legs. The fix is ​​to give drrung to strengthen vein walls and facilitate blood flow or use special varicose veins.

3. Varicose Reticular Varicose Veins
These are more severe varicose veins, because they occur in the lower veins of the skin and have deformed meandering veins. In addition to disrupting appearance, these varicose veins can also cause pain in the legs

Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins

According to patients with varicose veins, the first felt signs and symptoms include:

Legs and legs feel heavy, followed by muscles that are easily sore, stiff with heat and pain around the legs and legs. Usually pain is felt at night.

Cramps, even if your feet are relaxed.

Widening of the blood vessels of the hair that resembles a spider web.

Changes in skin color around the ankles, due to not smooth blood flow. Sometimes followed by injuries around the ankles that are difficult to heal.

The feet begin to swell due to blood clots.

Around the outer veins of the skin of the foot itchy like skin irritation.

Changes in the outer veins, for example in the back of the calf appear bluish veins and winding.

Causes of Varicose Veins

Blood buildup in the veins results from weakening or damage to the venous valve. The vein vessels function to drain blood from the whole body to the heart. Inside the vein, there is a valve that functions as a one-way door so that the blood that has passed through it cannot return. Weak or damaged venous valves cause backflow of blood and buildup of blood in the veins. This buildup then causes the vessel to dilate.

Factor Causes Exposed of Varicose Veins

According to the Department of Health and Human Services, varicose veins are caused by several factors including:


Women will be more affected by varesis compared to men.

Being overweight or obese.

Cook pregnancy will be more at risk for varesis

High cholesterol

Frequent activities with standing or sitting positions for a long time.

Unhealthy lifestyle

Rarely exercise

The risk of varicose veins will increase with increasing age because blood vessels and blood vessel valves deteriorate gradually.

How to Overcome of Varicose Veins

If varicose veins are still relatively mild it can be handled at home. The goal is to relieve symptoms, prevent varicose veins getting worse, and avoid the occurrence of complications in the form of serious injuries. One example in the treatment that can be done is to use antivarises stockings. In addition, avoid standing too long and take a few moments to rest your feet in a leg position higher than the body. Don't forget to always maintain an ideal body weight and exercise regularly.

If the discomfort or pain caused by varicose veins is still felt and even worse, even though you have done treatment at home. Then further handling is needed, the possible method of treatment is to perform vein removal surgery that has varicose veins.

How to Prevent of Varicose Veins

Before getting varicose veins, it would be better to prevent them. There are several ways to prevent varicose veins, including the following:

Train Leg Strength
You can exercise leg strength by exercising such as walking, running, swimming, cycling and treadmill. This movement can help veins to pump blood back to the heart so that blood circulation is smooth.

Avoid Sitting Crossed Legs
Sitting with your legs crossed can inhibit blood circulation. This can cause blood to be retained and cause varicose veins.

Take care of your weight
Maintaining an ideal body weight will reduce the weight of the foot in sustaining body weight. So the blood vessels don't work too hard to pump blood.

Reduce Salt Eat
Salt makes blood thick. This will aggravate the work of veins.

Thus reviews of varicose veins, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. In this paper, the aim is for the reader to get to know varicose veins, and thank you for reading.

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