4 Hemorrhoids Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Hemorrhoids disease, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. What is Hemorrhoids ? Hemorrhoids are varicocytis due to dilation of the physiological internal hemorrhoidal venous plexus dilation, so it is not so dangerous. Although hemorrhoids are not dangerous, but if the dilation of venous blood vessels becomes wider, then we still need to prevent them. Prevention by multiplying high-fiber foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Besides that, you also drink lots of water. Drinking plenty of water and eating fibrous foods can facilitate defecation.

4 Hemorrhoids Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome
Hemorrhoids Disease
If you defecate smoothly, then hemorrhoids will most likely not occur. In addition to eating fibrous foods and drinking lots of water, hemorrhoids can be prevented by regular exercise, more walking, less standing for too long and sitting too long, and adequate rest. Hemorrhoid or better known as hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids, is not a pathological condition that is not normal, but if it has started to cause complaints, action must be taken to overcome them.

Hemorrhoids Disease, Causes, Symptoms and How to Overcome

Hemorrhoids mean dilation of blood vessels in the hemorrhoidalis plexus in the anal area. It is divided into two, namely internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids which are divided according to the location of the affected hemorrhoidal venous plexus. Hemorrhoids are disorders of blood circulation in the form of dilation of vessels. Dilation of vessels that occur in the anal area often occurs. The widening is called venecsia or varicose veins of the anus and perianus.

The widening is caused by a blood dam in the anus. Dilation of vessels in the anal area is often called hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can be divided into internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can be caused by central dams such as portal structure dams in hepatic cirrhosis, hereditary or coronary heart disease, and enlargement of the prostate gland in older men, or tumors in the rectum

The internal hemorrhoid is the superior hemorrhoidal venous plexus above the mucocutane and is covered by the mucosa. This internal hemorrhoid is a vascular pad in the submucosal tissue in the lower rectum. Internal hemorrhoids are often located in the front right, right back and left lateral. Whereas the external hemorrhoid is a widening and protrusion of the inferior hemorrhoidal plexus, it is located distally to the mucocutane in the tissue below the anal epithelium.

Hemorrhoids can cause difficulty for defecation. Hemorrhoids do not only occur in older men, but women can develop hemorrhoids. Young age can also occur hemorrhoid. It is estimated that 50% of the population over 50 years of age suffer from hemorrhoids. Most of them did not complain. The people's diet changes according to the demands of the situation. Many workers only prioritize satiety compared to nutrition from the food they want to eat. The important thing is that you are fast and can be full immediately. Most foods are very low in fiber content. Though eating too low fiber can cause constipation. If you have difficulty in defecating, then in the end to remove feces will be difficult. This causes the blood vessels in the anal area, namely the hemorrhoidal plexus to stretch, enlarging due to high pressure from the inside.

If this happens continuously, the blood vessel will not be able to return to its original shape. This event is also experienced by women who are pregnant and someone who is obese. Over time, there will be a hemorrhoid protrusion that cannot be inserted back into the anus, so treatment must be done. Enlarged hemorrhoids can be accompanied by prolapse through the anus. If prolapse is not treated immediately it can be chronic and can be infected or experience thrombosis. If the prolapse is infected it will cause severe pain. Hemorrhoid sufferers who have prolapsed during defecation have severe pain.

Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

Most people who suffer from early stage hemorrhoids without symptoms. People can be known to have hemorrhoids by chance at the time of examination for lower gastrointestinal disorders. Patients often complain of suffering from hemorrhoid or hemorrhoids without any connection with the symptoms of a particular rectum or anus. Great pain is rarely associated with internal hemorrhoids and only occurs in external hemorrhoids that have thrombosis.
The most common symptoms are pain, swelling or protrusion in the anal area, secretions, constipation, discomfort when defecating, itching around the anus and bleeding through the anus. Bleeding is generally a sign in patients with internal hemorrhoids due to trauma by hard stools. The blood coming out is red and not mixed with feces.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

In the cause of hemorrhoids or called hemorrhoids is actually still unclear. But this disease is associated with an increase in blood pressure in the blood vessels in the anus and its surroundings. Increased blood pressure in the area of ​​the anus and rectum can be caused due to prolonged bowel movements. Constipation that occurs usually results from a lack of nutritional fiber in the food. Some things that can increase the risk of hemorrhoids include:


Age is getting older

Frequently lifting heavy objects regularly

Is pregnant

Often sit for a long time

Have a medical history of a hemorrhoidal family

Lack of vegetable and fruit foods that contain lots of fiber

How to Overcome Hemorrhoids

In how to deal with hemorrhoids (hemorrhoid) depends on the severity. If hemorrhoids have entered stage 4, surgery will be carried out. It should be noted, that hemorrhoids can be divided into 4 stadiums:

Stage 1
Starting an enlarged vein in the anus. The size is still small so it usually does not cause any symptoms. But sometimes it has started to cause discomfort when defecating.

Stage 2
Venous enlargement has begun to be palpable, can exit the anus and reenter spontaneously, but there has been no bleeding. The possibility of a feeling of heat increases when sitting too long and when defecating.

 Stage 3
Venous enlargement is more likely to come out of the anus, and it is even unable to be re-inserted spontaneously. And can cause heat when sitting too long or when defecating.

Stage 4
Venous enlargement and bleeding occur more frequently because the veins are getting bigger, so they may make the blood deficient or decrease in hemoglobin.

How to Prevent Hemorrhoids

Symptoms of hemorrhoids can disappear after a few days without treatment. Hemorrhoids that appear during pregnancy will disappear on their own after birth. Here are some tips on preventing hemorrhoids:

Drink lots of water.

Many high fiber consumption such as fruits and vegetables

Do not delay to defecate.

Exercise regularly:

Lose weight.

Changes in lifestyle above can also reduce the risk of hemorrhoids to relapse. Or it can also prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids. If a lot of foods that contain fiber and enough water consumption can facilitate defecation and the kidneys become healthy.

So reviews of hemorrhoids disease, causes, symptoms and how to overcome. In this paper, the aim is to make the reader more familiar with hemorrhoids, and thank you for reading.

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